What You Need to Know About Partition Walls

Published by Handy Work on

Many styles of architecture, from traditional to modern, use partition walls. Usually, the walls are from wood, brick, or stone. Sometimes there are also some from other building materials, with a different purpose. People use partition walls to divide separate two rooms into a house.

Garages, home offices, and other commercial buildings also use partition walls. Construction workers will fix them together with nails, screws, or glue for a permanent installation.

All About Partition Walls
Photo by Glen Carrie on Unsplash

How to Make Partitional Walls

For temporary installations such as floor protection from construction debris, you can usually use 2x4s or other framing lumber to frame them.

We can make partition walls from either solid material or composite material (prefabricated panels). They make partition walls from wood studs, metal studs, concrete blocks, or bricks, and stones. They make partition walls from prefabricated panels from drywall or plywood and have metal studs that support the panels.

Some people use both solid and composite materials to create partitions.

The Perfect Size for Your Partition Walls

Partition walls have different sizes. Each has different capacities, and depending on the function, a thickness of around 34 inches.

The thicker it is, the more load that it will carry, such as windows that may extend past the wall level or large doors that may have to swing open into a space beyond the wall, which requires strong support framing behind them to prevent buckling of the wall when opened wide enough.

How Strong is Partition Wall?

Sometimes exterior partition walls will include glass windows which require extra frame support for safety reasons.

We build partition walls with various framing materials to provide support and strength for the structure. We can make them with wood studs, metal studs, steel studs, concrete blocks, bricks, and stone.

They make wood studs from dimensional lumber such as 2×4″ or 2×6″. Some are usually 16″ on center of residential construction.

Sometimes people use the wood studs directly behind a partition wall to provide support without additional framing lumber.

We can build this type of wall using either solid or composite panels. However, people usually attach them directly to the wood framing with no drywall clips or other attachments.

How to Create the Framing

You can also build wood stud walls with drywall attached directly to the framing members, but in most cases, they will use metal framing clips such as 1″ clip angles to hold the panels off the wood framing until you have dry walled them.

Using clips is essential because there will not be any other attachment points available. Unless you add them yourself, which is a poor recommendation as it is a safety issue.

There may no longer be enough support for the wall when we have attached the posts to them. They might collapse when we accidentally bump or lean on them, especially at corners and near doors.

Brick walls require heavy-duty materials for support, such as steel beams, steel posts, concrete blocks or metal frame partitions. They may require special approval by your local building department.

So, check your local building codes before doing this type of construction, especially if you live in an earthquake-prone area.

What’s the Standard Support Framing for Partition Wall?

Composite partitions usually use standard 1½” wooden furring strips about 16″ apart to hold them up temporarily. They will eventually cover all gaps between the panels before painting them (or staining them if made from wood).

Occasionally these partition walls will include glass windows that could require additional support framing behind them depending upon how wide they open so make sure you check your local building codes to see if you need a permit for this type of wall.

The best way to build a partition wall is to frame it with the studs supported on both sides by metal framing clips so that we can attach the wall panels while we install drywall or plasterboard behind them.

This will eliminate any squeaking and it will save you time because the sheathing will be in place when you install the drywall.

We can nail or screw metal framing clips into the frame members of a wall, or use them to secure 1/8 drywall and 3/8 plasterboard to cover walls.

Install the drywall or plasterboard panels by attaching small plastic drywall clips that fit on the panel edge and attach to the wood framing material at 16 intervals for residential construction.

Install enough clips to keep all the wall panels secured as you would like them to stay until you have finished painting them on both sides. Then hang any other wall ornaments (baseboards, crown molding) so that they do not interfere with your finished work.

What You Should Not Do During Construction

Partition walls we used to cover floors during construction should be able to be dismantled quickly so that we can easily access the floors below when we finish with construction.

Until we build the permanent partition walls above them if possible because these temporary partitions cannot usually support any weight from above.

So they should have nothing attached to them like cabinets, shelves, very heavy artwork, etc. We do not design them to be strong enough to withstand earthquakes, and we should not install windows in them unless they use strong building materials such as steel beams, steel posts, concrete blocks, or metal frame partitions.

which may require special approval by your local building department, so make sure you check your local building codes before doing this type of construction, especially if you live in an earthquake prone area.

These partition walls should also have some type of flooring protection installed underneath them so that we can protect the flooring from moisture damage and the partition wall itself.

It should be sturdy enough to support the weight of people walking past them or leaning on them without causing the wall to collapse.

Interior or Exterior

We can build partition walls as either interior or exterior walls depending upon your local building codes and which way they face. Interior partition walls usually require more framing members because we do not expose them to outside weather, such as rain, wind, fire, etc.

We usually make exterior partition walls from brick veneer siding or wood siding only and do not require any framing members unless they have windows or doors installed in them.

Make sure you check your local building codes before doing this type of construction, especially if you live in an earthquake prone area as exterior partition walls may need extra support framing for safety reasons depending upon how wide they open into a space beyond them.

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